terewong :: 10. 峨嵋山金頂
 
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Last changed: Nov 12, 2006
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峨嵋山是大峨山、二峨山、三峨山的總稱。位於四川中南部的峨眉境內。“峨嵋”是《詩經》中形容女子秀眉的用語。主峰萬佛頂之金頂海拔3099米,山下的平原地區海拔400余米,相對高差在2600米以上,雄冠國內諸名山。
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據記載,東漢時期的隱士蒲公一次入山採藥,見一隻野鹿,“追之絕頂而無蹤”,忽見奇光。蒲公疑惑不解,特向當時西來華的天竺僧人寶掌請教,寶掌告訴他說:“此是普賢瑞相,於末法中守護如來,現相於此,化利一切眾生。”
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恰巧,峨眉這一奇觀與《華嚴經》所記普賢菩薩住地十分相似和吻合。《格薩爾王傳》中說:峨眉山像一頭步履矯健的白色神像,這和普賢菩薩騎象登山創建道場的記載極其吻合。佛經中記載普賢菩薩騎六牙白象。
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金頂上有正殿,古名華藏寺。華藏寺始建於晉漢時期,當時,稱普光殿,後改名為元相殿,又稱「銅殿」。因其殿頂鎏金,瓦、柱、門、窗皆為銅中摻金建造,在陽光下金光閃閃而得名「金頂」。
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《華嚴經》在東晉時傳入中國,因此自東晉時便開始把峨眉山當作普賢菩薩道場。
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普賢是梵語Samantabhadra的意譯,又譯為“遍吉”,是將妙善、妙德、賢德普施一切眾生之意。
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同諸大菩薩一樣,普賢也沒有真實的來歷。《第二菩薩經跡經》說:“有轉輪聖王,名無諍念。
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王有千子,第一太子名不旬,即觀世音菩薩;第二王子名尼摩,即大勢至菩薩;第三王子名王象,即文殊菩薩;第八子名泯國,即普賢菩薩。”
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主峰萬佛頂之金頂海拔3099米,山下的平原地區海拔400余米,相對高差在2600米以上,雄冠國內諸名山。
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華藏寺側為臥雲庵,庵左為睹光台。華藏寺後是斷巖720米,峭絕如削,這裡遙對西康雪山,下臨3000多米的深壑
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